Dip:Agromyzidae
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Phytomyza hellebori Kaltenbach, 1872
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the early mines are black

Food Plant: Helleborus (Hellebore) species - seems to found mostly on Helleborus foetidus (Stinking hellebore) in the UK, but is known from H.niger also in the UK.

Mine: Summer to Spring

Pupa: In the leaf - normally on the lower surface

Notes: May be several mines to a leaf, which are initially blackish (as shown), short and linear. A blotch is later formed. First found in this country in 2000 and is distributed in Southern Counties and East Anglia. Bivoltine, possibly trivoltine.

Data: 24.xi.2002, Fleet, Hants, VC12

Image:© Rob Edmunds

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