Dip:Drosophilidae
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Scaptomyza graminum (Fallén, 1823)
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Food Plant: Anthyllis vulneraria ( Kidney Vetch), Atriplex patula (Common Orache), Beta, Cerastium fontanum subsp. holosteoides, Lychnis flos-cuculi (Ragged-Robin), Myosoton, Nasturtium officinale (Water-cress), Silene dioica (Red Campion), Stellaria
Recorded elsewhere:
Agrostemma githago; Amaranthus; Allium ampeloprasum, A. cepa; Arenaria serpyllifolia; Atriplex hortensis; Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima; Cerastium arvense, C.fontanum subsp. vulgare, C.glomeratum, C.semidecandrum; Chenopodiastrum hybridum; Chenopodium album; Corrigiola; Dianthus barbatus, D.caryophyllus, D.carthusianorum, D.barbatus, D.graniticus, D.monspessulanus, D.scaber, D.segueri, D.sylvestris; Gypsophila elegans, G.paniculata, G.repens; Honckenya peploides; Lupinus; Medicago carstiensis; Moehringia trinervia; Montia; Myosoton aquaticum; Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Portulaca; Salicornia; Saponaria officinalis; Silene aegyptiaca, S.alba, S.alpestris, S.asterias, S.baccifera, S.coelirosa, S.coronaria, S.flos-cuculi, S.fulgens, S.fuscata, S.gallica, Sx haageana, S.noctiflora, S.nutans, S.otites, S.pygmaea, S..vulgaris; Spergularia; Spinacia, Stellaria alsine, S.graminea, S.holostea, S.media, S.nemorum, S.palustris; Trigonella; Vicia faba; Vaccaria; Viscaria oculata.

Egg: laid under the leaf

Mine: March, June-July, September-October

Notes: A thin gallery genereally leads to a white upper surface blotch in the centre of a leaf, from which lobes run off. The frass is accumulates in the periphery of the mine lobes and can give it a green colouration. There may be several larvae within a mine. Pupation is generally external but may also occur in a separate short pupal mine or in the stem.

Data:

Image:

References:
Hering, EM (1957), Bestimmunstabellen der Blattminen von Europa
Robbins J (1989) A Provisional Atlas of the Leaf Miners of Warwickshire

sponsored by Colin Plant Associates (UK) LLP/Consultant Entomologists

www.leafmines.co.uk