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buckthorn (Rhamnus /Frangula)
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Nepticulidae
Contorted galley will dispersed frass [6-7+9-10] Stigmella catharticella 98
Bucculatricidae
     Mine starts as a tightly wound spiral staining leaf blackish violet; then the mine straightens with no staining; after leaving mine larva eats out windows from below [8-9] Bucculatrix frangutella 270

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